DELF - Diplôme d'études en langue française
DALF - Diplôme approfondi de langue française
DELF and DALF are official qualifications awarded by the French Ministry of Education to certify the competency of candidates from outside France in the French language. DELF and DALF are composed of 6 independent diplomas (A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2) that correspond to the levels of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.
The DELF and DALF qualifications are under the authority of the Commission Nationale du DELF et du DALF [National Commission for DELF and DALF] whose headquarters are at the CIEP. The 6 diplomas that make up DELF and DALF are completely independent. This means that candidates can register for the examination of their choice, according to their level. At each level, 4 skills are evaluated: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
All DELF and DALF qualifications are recognised and valid in about 170 countries worldwide. For more details, go to the CIEP website.
DELF A2: recognises the linguistic competency of a basic user, considered as a social actor. The candidate can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring the most common polite phrases and exchanges of information. The DELF A2 examination, survival level, involves social interaction, going out and about (making a simple transaction in a shop, post office or bank; making inquiries about a journey; using public transport : buses, trains and taxis, requesting basic information, asking one's way and giving directions, buying tickets; asking for and providing services and products for everyday needs). The DELF A2 is an ideal alternative to GCSE.
DELF B1: DELF B1 is for learners who wish to live/work in a French-speaking country or for those who already work in a French-speaking environment or for those who wish to develop their French language skills. At this level, the learner becomes independent. He/she can maintain interaction: he/she can understand and maintain a discussion and give his/her opinion. He/she is capable of dealing with situations likely to arise in daily life. All themes and assessments are related to professional situations and the world of work. The DELF B1 is an ideal alternative to AS/A2.
DELF B2: At this level, the learner has a degree of independence that allows him/her to construct arguments to defend his/her opinion, explain his/her viewpoint and negotiate. The learner has a degree of fluency and spontaneity in regular interactions and is capable of correcting his/her own mistakes. People who have passed the DELF B2 are exempt from taking language tests for entrance into French universities.
DALF C1: Language learners at this level are independent. They can express themselves fluently and spontaneously. They have a large vocabulary and can choose the appropriate expression to introduce their comments. They can produce clear, well-structured discourse without hesitation and which shows controlled use of structures. People who have passed the DALF C1 are exempt from taking language tests for entrance into French universities.